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Diabetes Mellitus is defined as the body's inability to properly convert sugar from food into energy.
Signs and symptoms include:
  • Elevated sugar in the blood
  • Elevated sugar in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Nausea and vomiting
Many of these symptoms listed are so mild, they go unnoticed. Almost half of all Americans who have diabetes may not know it. Diabetes should not be taken lightly since complications may develop with the legs and feet, kidneys, heart, eyes, nerves, and blood flow. Kidney failure, gangrene and amputation, blindness or stroke may ultimately occur if left untreated.

There are 4 different types of Diabetes:

Type I
Sometimes referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" or "IDDM" for short. This form of diabetes is the most serious. Onset of this disease usually develops during childhood, but young adults are susceptible as well. At this level of disease, the body stops making insulin or only produces very small amounts. Insulin is what the body needs in order to use food for energy. Since the body needs insulin in order to survive and control blood levels of sugar, those afflicted must inject insulin.
Type II
Called "non-insulin dependent mellitus" or NIDDM. This form of diabetes usually afflicts adults past 40 years of age but can occur at any age. With Type II diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it produces. Due to this, high blood levels of sugar can cause problems. Type II diabetes can be inherited, but usually to bring on the disease, another factor such as obesity must be present. This form of the disease usually affects overweight adults and conditions may be improved by weight loss and proper evaluated meal planning.
Type III
This is gestational diabetes. It occurs in some women during pregnancy and usually disappears after childbirth. Patients diagnosed are then reclassified after delivery. Many of these women may later develop Type II diabetes.
Type IV
This includes other types of diabetes associated with genetic defects, pancreatic disease, hormonal abnormalities or side effects of drugs.

What you can do if afflicted with diabetes:

  • Follow your treatment plan
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Control your weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Monitor with regular checkups
  • Do not smoke!
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